Biological method | biological problems

Biological method

Biological method / scientific method:

The scientific method used to solve a biological problem is known as biological method.

The biological method, also known as the scientific method, is a systematic approach used by biologists to study and understand living organisms and their processes. It involves a series of steps that are followed in order to conduct experiments, make observations, and draw conclusions about biological phenomena.

How to solve a biological problem?

What is biological problem?

Biological problem:

Any unsolved problem concerned with life is known as biological problem.

A biological problem refers to a specific issue or challenge that is related to the study of living organisms and their processes. Biological problems can range from the molecular level (e.g. understanding how DNA is replicated) to the organismal level (e.g. studying the behavior of animals in their natural habitats).

Biological method or scientific method consist of the following steps

First step of biological method:

Determination of the problem

The first step in solving the biological problem is the determination of the problem this is the selection of issue or problem to work on for example malaria.

Determining a biological problem typically involves observing and identifying a phenomenon or issue that requires investigation.

Second step of biological method:

Data collection

The second step in solving the biological problem it is the collection of information related to the problem.

Data collection is an important step in the scientific method and is essential for investigating biological problems. It involves collecting and recording information that is relevant to the hypothesis being tested.

Data collection must be carefully planned and executed to ensure that the data collected is accurate and reliable. This may involve using standardized protocols for data collection, using appropriate equipment and techniques, and minimizing sources of bias or error.

Once the data has been collected, it must be organized and analyzed using statistical methods to determine whether the hypothesis is supported or not. The results of the analysis are used to draw conclusions about the biological problem being studied and to inform future research in the field.

Third step of biological method:


The third step in solving the biological problem, it is the statement given on the basis of data to solve the problem. It may be right or wrong.

A hypothesis is a tentative explanation or prediction for a phenomenon or problem being studied. In biology, hypotheses are often formulated to explain the observed behaviour of living organisms or biological systems.

A hypothesis must be testable, meaning that it can be subjected to empirical testing and potentially be proven false. To formulate a hypothesis, a biologist will typically make an educated guess or inference based on existing knowledge, observations, or theoretical models.

A hypothesis can be the result of deductive reasoning or the consequences of inductive reasoning.

What is deductive reasoning?

Deductive reasoning:

The reasoning that moves from general to the specific is known as deductive reasoning. For example, if all green plants require sunlight for photosynthesis, then rose plant also need sunlight to synthesise food.

What is inductive reasoning?

Inductive reasoning:

The reasoning that moves from the specific to general is known as inductive reasoning. For example, if we know that a plant of rose needs sunlight for photosynthesis, then all the green plants need light for photosynthesis.

4th step of biological method


The fourth step in solving a biological problem is a hypothesis is put to experimentation and is tested. A hypothesis that is tested again and again without ever being falsified is generally accepted.

What is theory?

A series of such hypothesis supported by the results of many tests is then called a theory.

What is productive theory?

A theory that suggests new and different hypothesis is called productive theory.

What is Scientific law?

If after many attempts of disproving a theory, it still survives, then it becomes a scientific law.

A scientific law is an irrefutable theory

Biology is short in laws because of the elusive nature of life.

Example of biological problem

An example of biological problem is malaria for which the hypothesis may be that, if plasmodium is the cause of malaria then all the persons ill with malaria should have plasmodium in their blood. When it was put to experimentation, the result was in the favour of the hypothesis.

Learn more

What is biological method?

What is scientific method?

How biological problem is solved?

How to solve a biological problem?

Solving a biological problem

What is biological problem?

How many steps in the biological method?

How many steps in the scientific method?

First step of biological method

What is Determination of the problem In biological Method?

First step to solve a biological problem

Second step of biological method

What is Data collection In biological methods?

Second step to solve a biological problem

Third step of biological method

What is hypothesis In biological method?

Third step to solve a biological problem

What is deductive reasoning?

What is inductive reasoning?

4th step of biological method

What is Experimentation in biological method?

4th step to solve a biological problem

What is theory?

What is productive theory?

What is irrefutable theory?

Examples of biological problem

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