Treatment and Management of Diabetes


Treatment and Management of Diabetes. Depending on the type of diabetes you have, blood sugar control, insulin, and oral medications may play a role in your management. Eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and participating in regular activities are also important factors in managing diabetes.

Treatments for all Types of Diabetes:

An important part of managing your diabetes and your overall health is maintaining a healthy weight through a healthy diet and exercise plan: Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

1.   Healthy Eating

Contrary to popular belief, there is no specific diet for diabetes. You need to focus your diet on more fruits, vegetables, lean proteins and whole grains, foods high in nutrition and fibre, and low in fat and calories. And reduce your intake of saturated fats, refined carbohydrates, and sweets. In fact, it's the best meal plan for the whole family. Sugary foods are fine every now and then as long as they are counted as part of your diet.

However, understanding what to eat and how much to eat can be a challenge. A registered dietitian can help you create a nutrition plan that fits your health goals, nutritional preferences, and lifestyle. This will likely involve counting carbs, especially if you have type1 diabetes or use insulin as part of your regimen. “Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

2.   Physical Activity

Everyone needs regular aerobic exercise, and diabetics are no exception. Exercise lowers blood sugar by transporting sugar into cells where it is used for energy. Exercise also increases insulin sensitivity, which means the body needs less insulin to move sugar into cells.

Get your doctor's approval to exercise. Then choose activities you enjoy, like hiking, swimming, or biking. The most important thing is to make physical activity part of your daily routine. “Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

Aim for at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise most days of the week, or at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity per week. Activity periods can be as short as 10 minutes, three times a day. If you haven't been active for a while, start slowly and gradually increase. It's also a good idea to avoid sitting for long periods; if you've been sitting for more than 30 minutes, try to get up and move around.

Treatments for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes:

Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes insulin injections or use of an insulin pump, frequent blood sugar checks, and counting carbohydrates. Treatment for type 2 diabetes primarily involves lifestyle changes, blood sugar control, along with diabetes medications, insulin, or both. “Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

·     Monitoring Your Blood Sugar:

Depending on your treatment plan, you can check and record your blood sugar levels up to four times a day or more if you are taking insulin. Careful monitoring is the only way can ensure your blood glucose stays within your target range. People with type 2 diabetes who don't inject insulin tend to be much less likely to control their blood sugar.  Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

People undergoing insulin therapy may also choose to monitor their blood glucose levels with a continuous glucose meter. Although this technology has not yet completely replaced the blood glucose meter, it can significantly reduce the number of finger sticks required to monitor blood glucose and provide important information about the development of blood glucose levels.

Even with careful monitoring, blood glucose levels can sometimes change unpredictably. With the help of your diabetes care team, you can learn how your blood sugar levels change in response to diet, physical activity, medications, illness, alcohol, stress and, in women, fluctuations in hormone levels.

In addition to daily blood glucose monitoring, your doctor will likely recommend regular A1C tests to measure your average blood glucose levels over the past two to three months.  Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

Work in general. Elevated A1C may indicate a need to change your oral medication, insulin regimen, or diet plan. Your A1C goal may vary based on age and other factors, such as: other medical conditions you may have.

However, for most people with diabetes, the American Diabetes Association recommends an A1C below 7%.Ask your doctor about your A1C goal

·     Insulin:

People with type 1 diabetes need insulin therapy to survive. Many people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes also need insulin therapy. insulin), fast-acting insulin, long-acting insulin, and options in between. Depending on your needs, your doctor may prescribe a combination of types of insulin that you can use day and night. “Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

Insulin cannot be taken orally to lower blood sugar because stomach enzymes interfere with the action of insulin. Insulin is often injected with a fine needle and syringe or an insulin pen, a device that looks like a large ink pen.

An insulin pump can also be used. A possibility the pump is a device the size of a small cell phone that is attached to the outside of the body. A tube connects the insulin reservoir to a catheter that is inserted under the skin of your abdomen. “Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

There is now also a tubeless pump that works wirelessly. You program an insulin pump to deliver specific amounts of insulin. It can be adjusted to deliver more or less insulin depending on meals, activity level and blood sugar levels.

In September 2016, the Food and Drug Administration approved the first artificial pancreas for people over the age of 14 with type 1 diabetes. In December 2019, a second artificial pancreas was approved. Since then, the systems have been approved for children aged 2 and over.

An artificial pancreas is also known as closed-loop insulin delivery. The implanted device connects a continuous glucose meter, which checks blood glucose levels every five minutes, to an insulin pump. The device automatically delivers the correct amount of insulin when the monitor indicates it.

Other artificial (closed circuit) pancreas systems are currently in clinical trials.

·     Oral or Other Medications:

Other oral or injected medications are sometimes prescribed as well. Some diabetes medications stimulate the pancreas to produce and release more insulin. Others inhibit the production and release of glucose from the liver, meaning you need less insulin to transport it. sugar in your cells.

Others block the action of stomach or gut enzymes that break down carbohydrates or make your tissues more sensitive to insulin. Metformin (Glumetza, Fortamet, others) is usually the first drug prescribed for type 2 diabetes. “Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

Another class of drugs called SGLT2 inhibitors can be used. They work by preventing the kidneys from absorbing sugar from the blood. Instead, sugar is excreted in the urine.

·     Transplantation:

For some people with type 1 diabetes, a pancreas transplant may be an option. Islet transplants are also being studied. If the pancreas transplant is successful, you no longer need insulin therapy.

But transplants are not always successful, and these procedures carry serious risks. You need immunosuppressive drugs for life to prevent organ rejection. These drugs can have serious side effects, so transplants are usually reserved for people whose diabetes cannot be controlled or who also need a kidney transplant. “Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

·     Bariatric Surgery:

Although not specifically considered a treatment for type 2 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes who are obese and have a body mass index greater than 35 can benefit from this type of surgery. The risks and benefits of type 2 diabetes are not yet known.

Treatment for Gestational Diabetes:

Controlling blood sugar is important to keep your baby healthy and to prevent complications during delivery. In addition to a healthy diet and exercise, your treatment plan may include monitoring your blood sugar levels and, in some cases, using insulin or oral medications.  Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

Your doctor will also monitor your blood sugar levels during labor. When your blood sugar rises, your baby may release high levels of insulin, which can lead to low blood sugar immediately after birth.

Treatment for Prediabetes:

If you have prediabetes, adopting a healthy lifestyle can help bring your blood sugar back to normal, or at least prevent it from rising to type 2 diabetes levels. Maintain a healthy weight through exercise and a healthy diet. Exercising at least 150 minutes a week and losing about 7% of your body weight can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.

Medications like metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, others) are also sometimes an option  if you're at high risk for diabetes, including if your prediabetes is getting worse, or if you have cardiovascular disease, fatty liver disease, or polycystic ovary syndrome Suffer. “Treatment and Management of Diabetes”

In other cases, medications to control cholesterol levels (particularly statins) and medications for high blood pressure are required. Your doctor may prescribe low-dose aspirin therapy to prevent cardiovascular disease if you are at high risk. However, healthylifestyle habits remain the key.

What is the best treatment for diabetes?

Metformin (Fortamet, Glumetza, others) is usually the first drug prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works mainly by reducing glucose production in the liver and improving your body's sensitivity to insulin, allowing your body to use insulin faster and more effectively.

How is early stage diabetes treated?

Take these steps to treat prediabetes:

·        Eat healthy and lose weight. Losing 5% to 10% of your weight can make a big difference.

·        Work out.

·        Stop smoking.

·        Control blood pressure and cholesterol.

·       Take medications like metformin (Glucophage) to lower blood sugar if you're at high risk of diabetes.

Which foods cure diabetes?

The 8 Best Foods to Control Diabetes and Lower Blood Sugar

·        Non-Starchy Vegetables. Non-starchy vegetables are one of the best foods you can eat as a diabetic.

·        Leafy Greens.

·        Fatty Fish.

·        Nuts and Eggs.

·        Seeds.

·        Natural Fats.

·        Apple Cider Vinegar.

·        Cinnamon and Turmeric.



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